Tuesday, June 12, 2012

PQ wins Argenteuil as CAQ eats into PLQ vote

The provincial by-elections in Argenteuil and LaFontaine last night held a few surprises, though no party did much better or worse than expectations. With a win in Argenteuil and a second-place showing in LaFontaine, Pauline Marois and the Parti Québécois came out the big winners in last night's vote - thanks to François Legault and the Coalition Avenir Québec.
As expected, Argenteuil was the more interesting contest of the two as the Liberals and PQ battled it out for top spot, each party leading in the vote count at various times during the night. Turnout was about average for a by-election at 42.4%, down from the 54.2% of the 2008 general election.

Roland Richer boosted the PQ's score from 33.6% to 36.2%, taking only 785 fewer votes than his party did in the last election. It was enough to give him the win, as the Liberals dropped precipitously from 49.6% to 33.4%, taking 4,776 fewer votes than they did four years ago.

Where did those votes go? Mario Laframboise finished a respectable third for the CAQ with 21.4%, up from the ADQ's 11.2% of 2008. He took 1,430 more votes than the ADQ did in that election, much of that support apparently coming from the Liberals. It wasn't enough to give the CAQ some positive press, but it did help wrest away the riding from the Liberals.

Claude Sabourin, leader of the Greens, finished third with 3% of the vote, down 217 ballots and 0.5 percentage points from 2008. Québec Solidaire did not have a very strong showing, increasing their share to 2.7% from 2.1% and capturing 34 new votes.

In its first electoral outing, Option Nationale captured 1.3% of the vote. An independent candidate took 0.8% and Équipe Autonomiste, an ADQ spin-off, took 0.1%.

Interestingly, the new Conservative Party of Quebec captured 1.1% of the vote in the riding. At 190 ballots that isn't much, but they almost took as much of the vote as ON, which garners a lot more press thanks to the party's leader, Jean-Martin Aussant, being an MNA.

ThreeHundredEight forecast the riding to be a PLQ/PQ toss-up, and in the end the forecast was correct. Both the Liberals and PQ ended up within their forecasted range, though I personally expected a stronger showing for the Liberals than what occurred. The Parti Québécois did quite well but it was the growth for the CAQ that did the Liberals in here. The forecast for the CAQ was low, as expected, but Laframboise still under-performed, as did Québec Solidaire.

The 30-day rolling average of swings from regional polls gave the PQ the edge by 0.3 points, and in the end the party won by 2.8 points over the Liberals.
The by-election in LaFontaine was easily won by Marc Tanguay, the newly minted Liberal MNA. Turnout was terrible, however, falling from 51.2% in the general election to only 25.6%. Accordingly, the Liberals won the riding with 53.3% of ballots cast, but with the support of only 13.6% of electors in the riding.

That was a big drop for the Liberals, who took 69.8% of the vote and 8,575 more ballots in 2008.

The Parti Québécois finished second, down from 19.1% to 17% and with 2,104 fewer votes. The CAQ almost captured third with 15.6%, up from the ADQ's 6.5%, an increase of 285 votes.

Québec Solidaire saw a big boost, from 1.9% to 5.9% and up 220 votes, indicating that their strong poll numbers on the island of Montreal are no fluke. The Greens increased their share by 0.3 points but dropped 241 votes, while Option Nationale took 1.6% of the vote.

But again, the Conservatives challenged ON for sixth spot with 1.3%. Their presence, along with EA, might have cost the CAQ the runner-up status: with their votes, Legault's party would have taken 17.3%.

This riding was forecast as a Strong Liberal riding, with the 30-day rolling average putting the margin at 36 points. The Liberals ended up winning it by a margin of 36.3 percentage points. The forecast was good for the Liberals (43% to 57%) and the PQ (13% to 17%), while a little low for the CAQ (as expected) and Québec Solidaire. All in all, the By-Election Barometer's first experience was a positive one.

Click to magnify
While the PQ's win in Argenteuil is the major story from last night, their victory has more to do with what was happening with the Liberals and the CAQ than any PQ strength. The Parti Québécois did well to hold on to their vote, but it was the split between the Liberals and the CAQ that defeated Jean Charest's party in Argenteuil.

In 2008, the Liberals captured 59.2% of votes cast in Argenteuil and LaFontaine. The PQ took 26.7% and the ADQ took 9%.

Last night, only 40.6% of valid ballots cast were marked with an X next to the Liberal candidate's name, a huge drop. The PQ's tally increased a little to 29.3%, while the CAQ's more than doubled to 19.3%. There are always swaps between all parties, but it would appear that much of the CAQ's vote came from the Liberals.

If we adjust for turnout (Argenteuil and LaFontaine had roughly equal turnout in 2008, but most definitely not last night), we see that the Liberal share dropped 16.3 points to 42.9%. The Parti Québécois's share increased by only 0.3 points to 27%, indicating that the party was merely treading water.

The CAQ picked up 9.6 points on what the ADQ accomplished in 2008, a big swing in their favour. They are a force to be reckoned with and certainly more potent than the ADQ, ca. 2008. But they are not yet in a good position to play anything but the spoiler in a whole swathe of ridings.

For Québec Solidaire, their share increased from 2% in 2008 to 3.9% last night, or 4.2% when adjusting for turnout. Not a bad result, but for a party flirting with double-digits province-wide they should have done better.

The Greens held steady, their share going from 3.1% to 3.0% (both in actual votes and adjusted share).

Option Nationale confirmed its position as the sixth party with a total share of 1.4% of ballots case last night, but the Conservatives took 1.1% of the vote. For a party that has hardly gotten any notice in the media, that is a pretty surprising performance.

The Parti Québécois came out on top last night, as their win in Argenteuil was contrary to expectations. Though their share of the vote was not impressive, a win is a win. Their second place showing in LaFontaine, despite their loss in vote share, is also a piece of positive news for the party.

The Liberals took a hit by losing Argenteuil, and it definitely casts a small shadow over Jean Charest's summer. But the party kept it close, denying the Parti Québécois a dominant performance and keeping the CAQ far away in third. Their win in LaFontaine with a majority of ballots cast is a strong sign that the party is not in danger of losing their fortresses in Montreal, of which there are many.

Last night was tough for François Legault and the CAQ, however. Though they did improve upon the ADQ's performance in 2008, in neither riding did they outscore Mario Dumont's result from 2007. Capturing second in LaFontaine would have been the silver lining on a bad night, but they just missed out on it. And taking less than 25% of the vote in Argenteuil, the benchmark on which I drew the line between a good and bad result for the CAQ yesterday, has to be disappointing. Laframboise was a decent candidate, and with the CAQ struggling in the polls the number of decent candidates they will be able to nominate could be few and far between.

The CAQ is certainly not in the sorry state that the ADQ found itself in after the 2008 election (when they could barely manage more than 3% in almost any by-election), but they had an opportunity to turn things around last night and set the party on the right course for September. On that score, they failed. 


  1. Hi Eric,
    can you please explain what you mean by "Adjusted for turnout" ?

    1. Sure. Simply put, the total vote results last night for the two ridings were weighted as if turnout was the same as it was in 2008.

      So, for example, Argenteuil represented 52.1% of ballots cast in Argenteuil and LaFontaine in 2008, so the results from last night were weighted to give Argenteuil 52.1% of the total.

  2. It's common in some countries to measure the parties' performance during elections according to how many percentage points of the vote they gained or lost.

    You say that that in yesterday's by-elections, the Liberals are down 16% compared to the previous general election, the PQ has essentially no change, the CAQ is up 10% compared to the ADQ, and QS is up 2%. Would it be possible to prepare a prediction for the general election based on these changes?

    Peut-on afficher des commentaires en français ici?

    1. Using the proportional swing from last night's results, the model would give the PQ 58 seats, the PLQ 36, the CAQ 29, and QS 2.

      "Peut-on afficher des commentaires en français ici?"

      Oui, absolument!

    2. Am I the only one that would love to see more french content on this blog?

      I feel like there are places where Canadian politics are discussed in English, and places where Canadians politics are discussed in French, but disappointingly few that are truly bilingual.

    3. Speaking as an Anglophone with a relatively limited ability to read French, I would be sad to have content on the site that I couldn't read. Of course the decision is ultimately up to Eric, and whether he feels like he wants to write in French or English.

    4. While I'm more than happy to have discussions here in the comments in French, I don't plan on writing any French-language material for 308.

      If an election pops up this fall, I may be writing in French elsewhere, and will of course link to that material.

    5. Yes TS I'm in the same boat. Have very little ability to read French. Would hate for this place to even go 50% French

    6. I guess I am the only one then :(.

  3. Goaltender Interference12 June, 2012 16:36

    A bad night for the little parties:

    - QS was a non-factor, coming fifth in Argeneuil.
    - The Greens' anonymous leader came fourth in his home riding. - Option Nationale barely registered at 1%, just ahead of the "Parti Conservateur" which exists in name only.
    - Equipe Autonomiste got 68 votes total.

    Probably the only really happy small party is the Parti Nul (the "Lame Party"), which got 88 votes.

  4. Anybody have any feeling how these results may be tied to the Student Protests and Bill 78 ??

    1. I think the very low turnout in LaFontaine is inditing of the Liberal government. Across Quebec, I sense that most people - as much as they hate the Charest government - don't feel there's an alternative (apart from QS, which remains too small to consider very seriously at this point). In its public statements, the PQ has tried to play both sides of the protest issue, but their announced policy is simply to index tuition hikes to inflation... hardly a winner with the half of the population who support the students. Anyway, no one trusts the PQ, and no one has any reason to (what with ordering the striking nurses back to work a few years ago, for example). As for the CAQ, there's a taste for a right wing party in QC, but it's a small taste - witness their drop in the polls as soon as it was understood that they were the ADQ warmed over... But springing from the protests and Bill 78, I think there's a strong desire for major (democratic) change, but that in official political terms (i.e. the National Assembly), that desire is frustrated. More far-reaching, perhaps, are the changes happening in the streets...

  5. http://leglobe.ca/blog/2012/06/lise-proulx-annonce-des-elections-generales-pour-la-fin-juillet/

    1. Huh. Not sure if she would be that privy to the information, and when she says "about a month and a half", that can easily be a little exaggeration. That then puts the calendar around September 17 for the vote, which is what the rumour is.

    2. this story still needs to be greeted with some skepticism, but it's an interesting thought...

  6. OTTAWA—Interim Liberal Leader Bob Rae is telling his caucus he won’t run for the permanent leadership of the party.

    Sources say Rae will stay on as interim leader until a replacement is chosen



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