Five national and two Quebec-only polls were released in January, surveying a total of 8,417 Canadians. Thanks to increases in Ontario and Quebec, both the Conservatives and Liberals made gains on their December 2011 averages.
The Greens were at 5.7% while the Bloc Québécois was at 5.5% nationally. Both had dropped 0.4 points.
This represents another month of decline for the New Democrats, who have fallen steadily since hitting 32% in September 2011. The Conservatives appear to have halted a slide of their own since September, while the Liberals have been around 23% or 24% for the last four months.
In Quebec, the New Democrats have continued to drop, this time by 2.9 points to only 30%. The party had averaged 45% in Quebec as recently as October 2011. The Bloc Québécois lost 0.7 points to reach 23.7% in January, while the Liberals were up 2.8 points to 20.3% in the province. This is the third consecutive month of Liberal increase in Quebec, and they are now at their highest point since March 2011. The Conservatives gained 0.2 points in Quebec and averaged 19.1% in January. Their support has been virtually constant since February 2011.
The Conservatives slipped 0.5 points in British Columbia to 35.5%, while the New Democrats dropped 1.5 points to 33.5%. The Liberals were up 3.5 points to 20.8% and the Greens were down 1.4 points to 9.3%.
In Alberta, the Conservatives picked up 2.4 points since December and averaged 60.9% support. The Liberals moved ahead of the New Democrats for the first time since before the May 2011 election by gaining 3.1 points to hit 15.3%. The NDP fell 4.4 points to 15.1%.
The New Democrats gained 4.9 points in Atlantic Canada, however, and averaged 34.7% in January. This is the first time since at least January 2009 that the NDP has held an outright lead in Atlantic Canada. The Liberals increased 1.5 points to 30.5% while the Conservatives slipped 4.9 points to 29.1%, their lowest result since August 2010.
And in the Prairies, the Conservatives were up 1.5 points to 47.2%, followed by the New Democrats at 31.4% (-1.1) and the Liberals at 15.9% (-0.2).
Though this would point, at first, to a Conservative minority government, the NDP and Liberals could combine for a 160-seat majority.
The Conservatives would have won 17 seats in British Columbia, 27 in Alberta, 19 in the Prairies, 53 in Ontario, 10 in Quebec, 10 in Atlantic Canada, and one in the north.
The New Democrats would have won 13 seats in British Columbia, one in Alberta, six in the Prairies, 20 in Ontario, 42 in Quebec, eight in Atlantic Canada, and one in the north.
The Liberals would have won five seats in British Columbia, three in the Prairies, 33 in Ontario, 13 in Quebec, 14 in Atlantic Canada, and one in the north.
The Bloc Québécois would have won 10 seats in Quebec (up four since December) and the Greens would have won one in British Columbia.
Though this may seem like bad news for the NDP, the problem for them is Quebec and Quebec alone. The party is polling equal to or higher than their 2011 election results in British Columbia (+1 percentage points), the Prairies (+2), and Atlantic Canada (+6) and they have only slipped slightly in Alberta (-2) and Ontario (-2).
In Quebec, however, the party is down 13 points. What this means is that the New Democrats are still doing quite well in English Canada. They have consolidated the support they won in the last election, but in Quebec the party is in big trouble. Once the party slips below 30% in the province, they will start to lose seats in droves. With those seats will go their hopes for forming the next government.